There are several different methods for building a fire. Most campers think that this is an easy process, but it is a lot harder than it looks. The crisscross or tepee are the most popular styles because they allow oxygen circulation and help the fire to slowly build up.
Start by adding the tinder. Gather small heals of loose paper, wood shavings, twigs, and dry leaves and place it in the center of your fire. Lay the kindling on top of the tinder or put it around in a tepee cone shape. You can have several layers of wood or kindling to retain the shape, but make sure the layer is not too thick, or it may have trouble burning. Leave a small gap at the base of the structure so the match can be used to light up the tinder. It is best to start the fire at the bottom because flames always burn upwards, which will ignite the rest of the wood.
Once the fire has been lit, the inside layers will begin to burn away. To keep the fire going, you will consistently need to add fuel, such as wood or coal. The larger the wood is, the longer it will last before needing to be replaced. This is why it is best to gather thick wood and avoid the thinner pieces that burn too quickly. However, throwing large logs onto the fire can put it out. Add the proper sized wood at the right intervals to keep the fire going for a long time.
Fires are dangerous, so there are some things that you should never do with campfires. Never make the fire too large into a bonfire, or it may spread and become incontrollable. It is also important to stay away from windy conditions, or it could blow objects towards other dry areas and start a forest fire.
If you are with children, never have your children near the campfire. You may also want to get extra protection to keep your legs from getting burnt from flying particles. Waterproof trousers are an excellent choice, because it is made from non-flammable material that will not catch fire if it gets hit by a burning particle. Waterproof trousers for men are also coated with a special film, making them fairly resistant to heat. You should also use a stick for stirring the fire and to keep a safe distance from it.